Acronyms and Terms List (Glossary)


ACE: Advanced Composition Explorer

ADAPT: Active Data Archive Product Tracking

ADC: Astronomical Data Center

ADS: Astrophysics Data System

AE: Atmospheric Exploration

AEROS: AEROnomy Satellite

AI: Artificial Intelligence

AIM: Aeronomy of Ice in the Mesosphere

AIP: Archive Information Package

AIST: Advanced Information Systems Technologies

AMDA: Automated Multi-Dataset Analysis

AMPTE: Active Magnetospheric Particle Tracer Explorers

ANSI: American National Standards Institute

API: Application Programming Interface

ARCAD: Arc Aurorale et Densite

ARTEMIS: Acceleration, Reconnection, Turbulence, Electrodynamics of the Moon’s Interaction with the Sun probes

APEX-MAIN: Active Plasma Experiment

ASCII: American Standard Code for Information Interchange

ATMOWeb: Web interface for ATMOspheric data

AU: Astronomical Unit

AUTUMN: Athabasca University THEMIS UCLA Magnetometer Network

AVHRR: Advanced Very High-Resolution Radiometer


BARREL: Balloon Array for Radiation-belt Relativistic Electron Losses


CALIPSO: Cloud-Aerosol Lidar and Infrared Pathfinder Satellite Observation

CAMEL: Comprehensive Assessment of Models and Events Using Library Tools

CCMC: Community Coordinated Modeling Center

CCSDS: Consultative Committee for Space Data Systems

CDAS: Coordinated Data Analysis Systems Web Services API

CDAWeb: Coordinated Data Analysis Web Data Exploring and Browsing System

CDAW: Coordinated Data Analysis Workshop Data Center

CDF: Common Data Format

CDPP: Centre de Données de la Physique des Plasmas

CEF: Cluster Exchange Format

CGM: Corrected GeoMagnetic

CGRO: Compton Gamma Ray Observatory

CHS: The Nagoya University Center for Heliospheric Science

CINDI: Coupled Ion-Neutral Dynamics Investigations

CME: Coronal mass ejection

CMR: Community Coordinated Modeling Center Metadata Registry

CNES: Centre national d’études spatiales

C/NOFS: Communications/Navigation Outage Forecasting System

CNSA: Chinese National Space Administration

COBE: Cosmic Background Explorer

COHOWeb: Coordinated Heliospheric Observations

CRaTER LRO: Cosmic Ray Telescope for the Effects of Radiation instrument

CREAM: Cosmic Ray Energetics and Mass

CRRES: Combined Release and Radiation Effects Satellite

CSSWE: Colorado Student Space Weather Experiment

CYGNSS: Cyclone Global Navigation Satellite System


DARTS JAXA: Data ARchives and Transmission System Japan Aerospace and Exploration Agency

DE: Dynamics Explorer

DEDSL: Data Entity Dictionary Specification Language

DEMETER: Detection of Electromagnetic Emissions Transmitted from Earthquake Regions

DLT: Digital Linear Tape

DMSP: Defense Meteorological Satellite Program

DOI: Digital Object Identifier

DRIVE: Diversify, Realize, Integrate, Venture, Educate

DSCOVR: Deep Space Climate Observatory

DWSS: Defense Weather Satellite System


ELFIN: Electron Losses and Fields Investigation

ELV: Expendable Launch Vehicle

EOS: Earth Observing System

EOSDIS: EOS Data and Information System

EPN-TAP: EuroPlaNet-Table Access Protocol

ERG: Energization and Radiation in Geospace (Arase)

ESA: European Space Agency

ESAC: European Space Astronomy Centre

ESD: Earth Science Division

ESDC ESAC: Earth Science Data Centre European Space Astronomy Centre

EUMETSAT: European Organization for the Exploitation of Meteorological Satellites

EUVE: Extreme Ultraviolet Explorer


FAME: Full-sky Astrometric Mapping Explorer

FAST: Fast Auroral SnapshoT

FEP: Formats Evolution Process

FEPC: Formats Evolution Process Committee

FIREBIRD: Focused Investigations of Relativistic Electron Burst Intensity, Range, and Dynamics

FITS: Flexible Image Transport System

FSO: FITS Support Office

FTP: File Transfer Protocol

FUSE: Far Ultraviolet Spectroscopic Explorer


GCOM W1: Global Change Observation Mission-Water

GEMS: Gravity and Extreme Magnetism Small Explorer

GEO: Geostationary Orbit

GEOS: Goddard Earth Observing System

GMS 3: Geostationary Meteorological Satellites

GOCE: Gravity field and steady-state Ocean Circulation Explorer

GOES: Geostationary Operational Environmental Satellite

GOLD: Global-scale Observations of the Limb and Disk

GPS: Global Positioning System

GRACE: Gravity Recovery and Climate Experiment

GRAIL: Gravity Recovery and Interior Laboratory

GRB: Gamma-Ray Burst

GSFC: Goddard Space Flight Center

GUI: Graphical User Interface


HAPI: Heliophysics Application Programming Interface

HDF: Hierarchical Data Format

HDMC: Heliophysics Data and Model Consortium

HDO: Heliophysics Digital Observatory

HDP: Heliophysics Data Portal

HDRL: Heliophysics Digital Resource Library

HEAO: High Energy Astrophysics Observatory

HEK: Heliophysics Knowledge Base

HELCATS: Heliospheric Cataloguing, Analysis and Techniques Service  

H-GCR: Heliophysics-Grand Challenges Research

H-GI: Heliophysics-Guest Investigator

HSD: Heliophysics Science Division

HSO: Heliophysics System Observatory Connect

HST: Hubble Space Telescope

HTIDeS: Heliophysics Technology and Instrument Development for Science

HUT: Hopkins Ultraviolet Telescope


IACG: Interagency Consultative Group

IAU: International Astronomical Union

IBEX: Interstellar Boundary Explorer ICEsat-2 Ice, Clouds and land Elevation Satellite-2

ICON: Ionospheric Connection

IDA: Interactive Data Archive

IDL: Interactive Data Language

IHDEA: International Heliophysics Data Environment Alliance

IIP: Instrument Incubator Program

IMAGE: Imager for Magnetopause-to-Aurora Global Exploration

IMP 7: Interplanetary Monitoring Platform

IMPEx: Integrated Medium for Planetary Exploration

IR: Infrared

IRAND: Interactive Request and Name Directory

IRAS: Infrared Astronomical Satellite

IRIS: Interface Region Imaging Spectrograph

ISEE: International Sun-Earth Explorer

ISIS: International Satellites for Ionospheric Studies

ISS: International Space Station

ISS-SOLAR: International Space Station SOLAR package

ISERV: ISS SERVIR Environmental Research and Visualization System

ISO: International Standards Organization

ISTP: International Solar Terrestrial Physics

ITAR: International Traffic in Arms Regulations

IVOA: International Virtual Observatory Alliance

IUE: International Ultraviolet Explorer

IUGONET: Inter-University Upper atmosphere Global Observation NETwork


JASD: Joint Agency Satellite Division

JASON: Joint Altimetry Satellite Oceanography Network

JAXA: Japan Aerospace Exploration Agency

JPSS: Joint Polar Satellite System

JUICE: Jupiter Icy Moons Explorer

JWST: James Webb Space Telescope


L1: Lagrange point 1

LANL: Los Alamos National Laboratory

LADEE: Lunar Atmosphere and Dust Environment Explorer

LCAS: Low-Cost Access to Space

LEO: Low Earth Orbit

LIS: Lightning Imaging Sensor

LISA: Laser Interferometer Space Antenna

LIST: Lidar Surface Topography

LMSSC: Lockheed Martin Space Systems Company

LRO: Lunar Reconnaissance Orbiter


MAGSAT: MAGnetic field SATellite

MAP: Microwave Anisotropy Probe

MAST: Multimission Archive at STScI

MatISSE: Maturation of Instruments for Solar System Exploration

MAVEN: Mars Atmosphere and Volatile EvolutioN

MAX-C: Mars Astrobiology Explorer-Cacher

MEP: Mars Exploration Program

MESSENGER: Mercury Surface, Space Environment, Geochemistry and Ranging

MetOp: Meteorological Operational

MMS: Magnetospheric Multiscale science data center

M-O: Magneto-Optic

MRO: Mars Reconnaissance Orbiter

MSIS: Mass Spectrometer and Incoherent Scatter

MSL: Mars Science Laboratory

MSX: Midcourse Space Experiment


NAC: NASA Advisory Council

NAI: NASA Astrobiology Institute

NASA: National Aeronautics and Space Administration

NCEI: National Centers for Environmental Information

NDAS: NSSDC Data Archive and Distribution System

NEO: Near-Earth Object

NEOWISE: Near-Earth Object Wide-field Infrared Survey Explorer

netCDF: Network Common Data Form

NIAC: NASA Innovative Advanced Concepts

NICER: Neutron Star Interior Composition Explorer

NI-SAR: NASA-India Space Research Organization Synthetic Aperture Radar

NMC: NSSDC Master Catalog

NOAA: National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration

NOST: NASA/Science Office of Standards and Technology

NPOESS: National Polar-orbiting Operational Environmental Satellite System

NPP: National Polar-Orbiting Partnership

NRA: NASA Research Announcement

NRAO: National Radio Astronomy Observatory

NRC: National Research Council

NRO: National Reconnaissance Office

NSF: National Science Foundation

NSDF: NSSDC Supplementary Data File

NSSDC: NASA Space Science Data Coordinated Archive

NSTC: National Science and Technology Council

NuSTAR: Nuclear Spectroscopic Telescope Array


OAIS: Open Archival Information System

OGLE: Optical Gravitational Lensing Experiment

OGO: Orbiting Geophysical Observatories

ORCID: Open Researcher and Contributor Identifier

OSC: Orbital Sciences Corporation

OSIRIS-REx: Origins, Spectral Interpretation, Resource Identification, Security Regolith Explorer

OSO: Orbiting Solar Observatory

OV: Orbiting Vehicle


PARASOL: Polarization and Anisotropy of Reflectance for Atmospheric Science coupled with Observations from LIDAR

P2SA ESA: Proba-2 long term archive

PDS: Planetary Data System

PI: Principal Investigator

PIMS: Personnel Information Management System

POES: Polar-orbiting Operational Environmental Satellites

PRBEM: Panel on Radiation Belt Environment Modeling

PSP: Parker Solar Probe

PVL: Parameter Value Language

PyHC: Python in Heliophysics Community


R&A: Research and analysis

RAID: Redundant Array of Independent Disks

RapidScat: Rapid Scatterometer

RBSP: Radiation Belt Storm Probes (Van Allen Probes)

REACH: Responsive Environmental Assessment Commercially Hosted

REST: Representational Space Transfer web services

RHESSI: Reuven Ramaty High Energy Solar Spectroscope Imager

ROR CCMC: Run-On-Request Community Coordinated Modeling Center service

ROSES: Research Opportunities in the Space and Earth Sciences

RPS: Radioisotope Power System


SAMPEX: Solar Anomalous and Magnetospheric Particle Explorer

SAR: Synthetic Aperture Radar

SBIR: Small Business Innovative Research

SCATHA: Spacecraft Charging AT High Altitude

SCOSTEP PRESTO: Scientific Committee on Solar-Terrestrial Physics PREdictability of the variable Solar-Terrestrial cOupling Program

SDAC: Solar Data Analysis Center

SDO: Solar Dynamics Observatory

SDT: Science Definition Team

SEC: Sun Earth Connection

SECEF: Sun Earth Connection Education Forum

SEM: Space Environment Monitor

SEPOF: Science Education and Public Outreach Forum

SET-1/DSX: Space Environment Testbed Demonstration and Science Experiments

SI: International System of Units

SLS: Space Launch System

SMD: Science Mission Directorate

SMILE: Solar wind Magnetosphere Ionosphere Link Explorer

SMWG: SPASE Metadata Working Group

SMWT: SPASE Metadata Working Team

SNOE: Student Nitric Oxide Explorer

SOAP: Simple Object Access Protocol

SOAR ESA: Solar Orbiter ARchive European Space Agency

SOC: Solar Orbiter Collaboration

SOFIA: Stratospheric Observatory For Infrared Astronomy

SOHO Solar and Heliospheric Observatory


SORCE: Solar Radiation and Climate Experiment

SPASE: Space Physics Archive Search and Extract

SPDF: Space Physics Data Facility

SPEDAS: Space Physics Environment Data Analysis System

SPICA: Space Infrared Telescope for Cosmology and Astrophysics

SPP: Solar Probe Plus

SPyCAT: Space Physics CATalog

SSERVI: Solar System Exploration Research Virtual Institute

SSC: Satellite Situation Center

SSCWeb: Satellite Situation Center Web Services

SSDOO: Space Science Data Operations Office

STEM: Science, Technology, Engineering and Mathematics

STEREO: Solar Terrestrial Relations Observatory

STScI: Space Telescope Science Institute

SuperDARN: Super Dual Auroral Radar Network

SWA: Solar Wind Analyser

SWAS: Submillimeter Wave Astronomy Satellite

SXI: Solar X-ray Imager


TAP: Table Access Protocol

TCTE TSI: Total Calibration Transfer Experiment Total Solar Irradiance

TESS: Transiting Exoplanet Survey Satellite

TFCat: Time-Frequency Catalog format

THEMIS: Time History of Events and Macroscale Interactions during Substorms

TIMED: Thermosphere-Ionosphere-Mesosphere Energetics and Dynamics

TIROS: Television Infrared Observation Satellite

TRACE: Transition Region and Coronal Explorer

TRL: Technology Readiness Level

TSI: Total Solar Irradiance

TSIS: Total Solar Irradiance Sensor

TWINS: Two Wide-angle Imaging Neutral Atom Spectrometers


UARS: Upper Atmosphere Research Satellite

UFA ESA: Ulysses Final Archive European Space Agency

UHF: Ultra-High Frequency

UIT: Ultraviolet Imaging Telescope

ULA: United Launch Alliance

ULDB: Ultra Long Duration Balloon

UNISWI: United Nations International Space Weather Initiative

URI: Uniform Resource Identifier

UV: Ultraviolet


VEPO: Virtual Energetic Particle Observatory

VISBARD: Visual System for Browsing, Analysis, and Retrieval of Data

VO: Virtual Observatory

VSO: Virtual Solar Observatory

VSWMC ESA: Virtual Space Weather Modelling Centre European Space Agency

VWO: Virtual Wave Observatory

VxOs: Heliophysics virtual observatories


WCS: World Coordinate Systems

WDC-SI: World Data Center for Satellite Information

WFIRST: Wide-Field Infrared Survey Telescope

WISE: Wide-Field Infrared Survey Explorer

W3C: World Wide Web Consortium


XML: eXtensible Markup Language

XMM: X-ray Multi-Mirror Mission

Definition Lists

  1. Heliophysics Vocabulary | NASA

  2. SPASE terms

  3. Space Weather Glossary | NOAA / NWS Space Weather Prediction Center

  4. Space weather glossary - Met Office

  5. European Space Agency Glossary: Glossary - Space Weather

  6. Space Weather Center Glossary

  7. Living Dictionary - Google Sheets

  8. Community: Bishops Acronym Guide

  9. AGU terms: Index terms

  10. List of lists of definitions: semantic_harmonization_SWMIvocabularies - Google Sheets

Other Terms/Links

AI readiness discussion across the Earth Sciences

AI readiness discussion in the context of space physics

AMDA Representational State Transfer (REST) web services


CDAS Python library

COSPAR International Space Weather Action Teams

COSPAR Panel on Space Weather


CSA ESA: Cluster Science Archive European Space Agency


Dataset naming and file naming recommendations

Guidelines for Resource ID Formation

HAPI servers

Heliophysics catalogs


HPEventList specification

Intermagnet International Real-time Magnetic Observatory Network

International DOI Foundation

ISTP Metadata Guidelines HPDE Data File Internal Metadata Guidelines


Naming Authority for both space-based and ground-based resources

NASA Heliophysics Science Data Management Policy Version 1.2

OMNI Web and Datasets

Open Madrigal Initiative

Proba-2 science center

PyTplot in Python


SPASE Dictionary


SPASE registry on Github

SPASE simulation extension data model

SPASE web-based editors

Standard filenaming templates



VOEvent format

VOTable format